IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Hétérogénéité des agents et la relation pollution-revenu


  • Alain Bousquet
  • Pascal Favard


[eng] Several econometric studies have shown that, at least for some pollutants, the relationship between emissions and income per capita follows an inverted U curve, known as "environmental Kuznets cuve". This paper present a simple microeco-nomic model in which income explain the shape of the emission path. Under some hypothesis, the trade-off between consumption and pollution imply that the pollution path follows three phases. In the first one, the consumers provides any effort in order to reduce the pollution, such an effort is done in the second phase. This effort is just sufficient to limit the rate of pollution growth. When the income per capita is high enough the pollution decrease, this is the third phase. In this paper, we show that the consumer heterogeneity is crucial in order to well characterize the pollution income relationship. [fre] Plusieurs études économétriques ont montré que certaines pollutions dépen­dent du revenu par tête selon une relation, en forme de U inversé, dénommée « Environmental Kuznets Curve ». Cet article propose un modèle microéconomique simple permettant d'expliquer le rôle du revenu dans l'évolution de la pollution. Sous certaines hypothèses, l'arbitrage entre la consommation et la pollution implique une évolution de la pollution suivant trois phases. Dans la première, les consommateurs ne consentent à aucun effort pour limiter la quantité de pollution, un tel effort est engagé dans une deuxième phase. Cet effort permet seulement de limiter la progression de la pollution. Ce n'est que dans une troisième et dernière phase, correspondant à un revenu suffisamment élevé, qu'il est possible d'observer une diminution de la pollution. Dans cet article, nous montrons que la prise en compte du caractère hétérogène de la population est déterminant pour caractériser correctement la relation pollution-revenu.

Suggested Citation

  • Alain Bousquet & Pascal Favard, 2001. "Hétérogénéité des agents et la relation pollution-revenu," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 52(6), pages 1185-1203.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2001_num_52_6_410380

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Data and metadata provided by Persée are licensed under a Creative Commons "Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0" License

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version below or search for a different version of it.

    Other versions of this item:


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Yandle, B. & Bhattarai, M. & Vijayaraghavan, M., 2004. "Environmental Kuznets Curves: a review of findings, methods, and policy implications. PERC Research study 02-1 update," IWMI Research Reports H044740, International Water Management Institute.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D3 - Microeconomics - - Distribution
    • H4 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2001_num_52_6_410380. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Equipe PERSEE). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.