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La question des sureffectifs en Russie. Une explication en termes de compétences

  • Boris Najman
  • Rouslan Koumakhov

[fre] Le texte aborde le problème des sureffectifs dans les entreprises russes, à partir de la base de données RLMS. Il s'attache à décrire deux formes particulières du phénomène : les congés administratifs (congés imposés par l'employeur, non rémunérés ou partiellement rémunérés) et le travail à temps partiel. Les firmes ont recours aux congés administratifs pour préserver les compétences spécifiques à l'entreprise, tandis que l'emploi des non-qualifiés est plutôt lié au temps partiel. L'article met l'accent sur la flexibilité interne propre à l'entreprise qui est rendue possible par ces pratiques. [eng] This paper studies the problem of labour hoarding in Russia, using the rlms database. We analyse two particular forms of this phenomenon: administrative (compulsory, non paid or partially paid) leaves and short-time work. We show that these forms are related to different types of workers' skills and professional seg­ments. Firms use administrative leaves in order to keep employees having firm-specific competencies, while the unskilled workers' employment is more linked to the short-time work. The article argues that both employment practices should be rather considered as forms of internal flexibility of Russian enterprises than as hidden unemployment or labour hoarding.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 52 (2001)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 915-941

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2001_num_52_4_410364
Note: DOI:10.2307/3502917
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/reco

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