La question des sureffectifs en Russie. Une explication en termes de compétences
[fre] Le texte aborde le problème des sureffectifs dans les entreprises russes, à partir de la base de données RLMS. Il s'attache à décrire deux formes particulières du phénomène : les congés administratifs (congés imposés par l'employeur, non rémunérés ou partiellement rémunérés) et le travail à temps partiel. Les firmes ont recours aux congés administratifs pour préserver les compétences spécifiques à l'entreprise, tandis que l'emploi des non-qualifiés est plutôt lié au temps partiel. L'article met l'accent sur la flexibilité interne propre à l'entreprise qui est rendue possible par ces pratiques. [eng] This paper studies the problem of labour hoarding in Russia, using the rlms database. We analyse two particular forms of this phenomenon: administrative (compulsory, non paid or partially paid) leaves and short-time work. We show that these forms are related to different types of workers' skills and professional segments. Firms use administrative leaves in order to keep employees having firm-specific competencies, while the unskilled workers' employment is more linked to the short-time work. The article argues that both employment practices should be rather considered as forms of internal flexibility of Russian enterprises than as hidden unemployment or labour hoarding.
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Volume (Year): 52 (2001)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
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