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La question des sureffectifs en Russie. Une explication en termes de compétences

Author

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  • Rouslan Koumakhov
  • Boris Najman

Abstract

[fre] Le texte aborde le problème des sureffectifs dans les entreprises russes, à partir de la base de données RLMS. Il s'attache à décrire deux formes particulières du phénomène : les congés administratifs (congés imposés par l'employeur, non rémunérés ou partiellement rémunérés) et le travail à temps partiel. Les firmes ont recours aux congés administratifs pour préserver les compétences spécifiques à l'entreprise, tandis que l'emploi des non-qualifiés est plutôt lié au temps partiel. L'article met l'accent sur la flexibilité interne propre à l'entreprise qui est rendue possible par ces pratiques. [eng] This paper studies the problem of labour hoarding in Russia, using the rlms database. We analyse two particular forms of this phenomenon: administrative (compulsory, non paid or partially paid) leaves and short-time work. We show that these forms are related to different types of workers' skills and professional seg­ments. Firms use administrative leaves in order to keep employees having firm-specific competencies, while the unskilled workers' employment is more linked to the short-time work. The article argues that both employment practices should be rather considered as forms of internal flexibility of Russian enterprises than as hidden unemployment or labour hoarding.

Suggested Citation

  • Rouslan Koumakhov & Boris Najman, 2001. "La question des sureffectifs en Russie. Une explication en termes de compétences," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 52(4), pages 915-941.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2001_num_52_4_410364
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.2001.410364
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    Cited by:

    1. Scholz, Theresa, 2012. "Employers' selection behavior during short-time work," IAB Discussion Paper 201218, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J2 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor
    • P23 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Factor and Product Markets; Industry Studies; Population

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