La question des sureffectifs en Russie. Une explication en termes de compétences
This paper studies the problem of labour hoarding in Russia, using the RLMS database. We analyse two particular forms of this phenomenon: administrative (compulsory, non paid or partially paid) leaves and short-time work. We show that these forms are related to different types of workers’ skills and professional segments. Firms use administrative leaves in order to keep employees having firmspecific competencies, while the unskilled workers’ employment is more linked to the short-time work. The article argues that both employment practices should be rather considered as forms of internal flexibility of Russian enterprises than as hidden unemployment or labour hoarding. Classification JEL : J2, P23
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