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Quelle est la productivité marginale des apprentis?

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  • Denis Fougère
  • Wolfgang Schwerdt

Abstract

[eng] What is the marginal productivity of apprentices? In this article we evaluate the productivity of apprentices in France and Germany. The econometric analysis is based upon two matched employer-employee datasets. The French dataset comes from two surveys conducted by INSEE, and the German one uses surveys collected by the IAB (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung). Concerning the productivity of apprentices, our econometric analysis seems to indicate that in both countries there is a structural difference between small and medium-size firms on the one hand, and large firms on the other. The difference is more pronounced in Germany where the motivation of small and medium-size firms hiring apprentices is to reduce labour costs, while hiring apprentices to invest in human capital seems to be the main motivation in large firms. [fre] Quelle est la productivité marginale des apprentis ? Cet article est consacré à l'évaluation de la productivité des apprentis en France et en Allemagne. L'analyse économétrique repose sur l'exploitation statistique originale de deux fichiers, le premier provenant d'un appartement de deux enquêtes réalisées par l'Insee, le second fichier étant extrait d'un panel allemand d'entreprises. Du point de vue de la productivité des apprentis, l'analyse économétrique fait apparaître une opposition entre PME et grandes entreprises. Ce contraste est toutefois plus prononcé en Allemagne, où l'argument de la réduction des coûts du travail semble prédominant dans les PME, les grandes entreprises recourant plus souvent à l'apprentissage pour investir en capital humain.

Suggested Citation

  • Denis Fougère & Wolfgang Schwerdt, 2001. "Quelle est la productivité marginale des apprentis?," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 52(3), pages 683-694.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2001_num_52_3_410348
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. R. Bruce Billings, 1982. "Specification of Block Rate Price Variables in Demand Models," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 58(3), pages 386-394.
    2. J. E. Schefter & E. L. David, 1985. "Estimating Residential Water Demand under Multi-Part Tariffs Using Aggregate Data," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 64(3), pages 272-280.
    3. Lars Gårn Hansen, 1996. "Water and Energy Price Impacts on Residential Water Demand in Copenhagen," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 72(1), pages 66-79.
    4. Michael L. Nieswiadomy & David J. Molina, 1989. "Comparing Residential Water Demand Estimates under Decreasing and Increasing Block Rates Using Household Data," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 65(3), pages 280-289.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials

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