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Les banques françaises de réseaux n'ont pas de problèmes majeurs d'inefficacité productive. Une application de la technique d'enveloppement des données (DEA)


  • Thierry Chauveau
  • Jézabel Couppey


[eng] French banks are technically efficient: an application of DEA. . In this paper, we first address the issue of the nature of inputs and outputs when banking activity is considered. We suggest to use a decision rule using the sign of the derivatives of the profit with respect to its arguments. We, then, turn to an empirical analysis of 38 French banks during years 1994-97. Using Data Envelopment Analysis together with our new classification leads to the following results: (i) our estimates of technical efficiency appear to be far above and, consequently, more realistic than former scores and (ii) inefficiency is not a good explanation for the low profitability of French banks. [fre] Notre premier propos, théorique, est d'élaborer une règle de classification en intrants et en extrants des différents arguments de la fonction de profit bancaire. Nous l'utilisons ensuite dans notre étude empirique de 38 banques françaises de réseau. La technique retenue est celle de l'enveloppement des données (DEA). La période étudiée (1994-1997) correspond à celle d'une grande faiblesse de la rentabilité des banques françaises. Les résultats que nous obtenons, plus réalistes que ceux d'études antérieures comparables, nous conduisent à conclure que les banques françaises de notre échantillon n'ont pas de problèmes majeurs d'inefficacité productive et que l'explication de leur sous-rentabilité se situe donc ailleurs.

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  • Thierry Chauveau & Jézabel Couppey, 2000. "Les banques françaises de réseaux n'ont pas de problèmes majeurs d'inefficacité productive. Une application de la technique d'enveloppement des données (DEA)," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 51(6), pages 1355-1380.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2000_num_51_6_410589
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.2000.410589

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Nash, John, 1950. "The Bargaining Problem," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 18(2), pages 155-162, April.
    2. Fleurbaey, Marc & Suzumura, Kotaro & Tadenuma, Koichi, 2000. "Informational Requirements for Social Choice in Economic Environments," Discussion Papers 2000-07, Graduate School of Economics, Hitotsubashi University.
    3. Vincent Merlin & Dominique Lepelley, 1999. "Analyses géométriques et probabilistes des règles de vote, avec une application au scrutin majoritaire à deux tours," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 50(4), pages 699-714.
    4. Wilson, Robert, 1972. "Social choice theory without the Pareto Principle," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 5(3), pages 478-486, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Jimborean, Ramona & Brack, Estelle, 2010. "The cost-efficiency of French banks," MPRA Paper 23471, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Michel Boutillier & Jimmy Gaudin & Stéphanie Grandperrin, 2005. "La situation concurrentielle des principaux secteurs bancaires européens entre 1993 et 2000 : quels enseignements pour la future structure des marchés financiers issue de l'UEM ?," Revue d'Économie Financière, Programme National Persée, vol. 81(4), pages 15-42.
    3. Laurent Weill, 2004. "Measuring Cost Efficiency in European Banking: A Comparison of Frontier Techniques," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 21(2), pages 133-152, March.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C60 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - General
    • D20 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - General
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General


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