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La cognition située. Une nouvelle approche de la rationalité limitée

  • Frédéric Laville
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    [fre] Cet article défend une nouvelle conception de la rationalité limitée. Partant de théories développées dans les sciences cognitives, il montre comment les ressources cognitives de l'environnement complètent systématiquement les capacités cognitives des agents. Il procède ainsi à une double extension de l'unité d'analyse. (1) Étudiant l'interaction cognitive d'un agent avec son environnement (action située), il montre que la rationalité du comportement ne résulte plus des seules capacités cognitives d'un agent, mais du système cognitif que cet agent forme avec son environnement. (2) Étudiant la répartition cognitive du travail à l'intérieur d'un groupe d'agents (cognition distribuée), il montre comment la résolution d'un problème découle généralement des opérations cognitives d'un ensemble d'agents. [eng] Situated cognition: a new approach to bounded rationality. . This paper advocates a new approach towards bounded rationality. Drawing upon cognitive science, it shows that the cognitive resources of the environment systematically complement the cognitive abilities of individual agents. Such a result assumes that the unit of analysis has been extended twice. (1) Studying the cognitive interaction between an agent and its environment (situated action) shows how the rationality of behavior comes not only from individual cognitive abilities, but also from the cognitive system formed by an agent and its environment. (2) Studying the cognitive division of labor inside a group of agents (distributed cognition) shows how collective problem solving comes from the cognitive transactions between the individual agents.

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    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

    Volume (Year): 51 (2000)
    Issue (Month): 6 ()
    Pages: 1301-1331

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2000_num_51_6_410587
    Note: DOI:10.2307/3503023
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/reco

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