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Altruisme et biens collectifs. Une revue de la littérature

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  • Jérôme Ballet

Abstract

[eng] Altruism and social goods: a survey. . Pure altruism is one form of altruism. It induces an inefficiency of generalized altruism in redistribution or production of social goods. Paradoxically, generalized pur altruism warrants the State's intervention. However, altruism is evicted by the intervention of the State. It produces a crowd-out effect. It's shown that this conception is based on selfish motivations. Others forms of altruism have been advanced. So, generalized altruism lost his inefficiency and is compatible with the intervention of the State. Nevertheless others sources of inefficiency as the Samaritan's dilemma and the indirect crowding-out effect stand. Beyond behaviours, analysis of psychology is clearly a major stake. [fre] L'altruisme pur est une forme de l'altruisme. Elle induit une inefficacité de l'altruisme généralisé dans la redistribution ou la production de biens collectifs. Paradoxalement, l'altruisme pur généralisé justifie l'intervention de l'État. Selon cette conception, l'intervention de l'État est elle-même source d'élimination des comportements bienveillants. Elle produit un effet d'éviction des contributions privées par les dépenses publiques. Il est montré que cette conception repose sur des motivations guidées par l'intérêt personnel. D'autres conceptions de l'altruisme ont été développées. L'altruisme généralisé perd son inefficacité dans le cadre de ces autres conceptions et demeure compatible avec l'intervention de l'État. Cependant, d'autres sources d'inefficacité subsistent, comme le dilemme du samaritain ou l'effet d'éviction indirect. Au-delà des comportements, l'analyse des motivations ne paraît donc pas un enjeu mineur.

Suggested Citation

  • Jérôme Ballet, 2000. "Altruisme et biens collectifs. Une revue de la littérature," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 51(4), pages 789-811.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2000_num_51_4_410555
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.2000.410555
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    Cited by:

    1. Tarik Tazdaït & Alejandro Caparros & Jean-Chrsitophe Péreau, 2008. "Mutual Aid: An Indirect Evolution Analysis," CIRED Working Papers halshs-00275386, HAL.
    2. Tarik Tazdaït & Alejandro Caparros & Jean-Chrsitophe Péreau, 2008. "Mutual Aid: An Indirect Evolution Analysis," Working Papers halshs-00275386, HAL.
    3. Bazin, Damien & Ballet, Jerome, 2006. "A basic model for multiple self," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 35(6), pages 1050-1060, December.

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