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Multifonctionnalité agricole : biens non marchands ou biens identitaires ?

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  • Denis Barthelemy
  • Martino Nieddu

Abstract

[eng] Agricultural multifunctionality: non market concerns or identity production? - In the international discussions, the analytical framework about agricultural multifunctionality usually puts great emphasis on the separation between commodity outputs and « non market concerns ». But these two aspects seem not to be accurately specified. Economists use to analyse non market products as joint products, externalities or public goods, what in our opinion induces a lose of substance in multifunctionality notion. We are holding the opinion that market relationship requires some necessary counterweight relationship, whose aim is to produce or to maintain peculiar « states of things » according to time and space. The concerned goods are devoted to satisfy need for each group to build up own identity. They give to these groups ability to persist is as much as they constitute the material of their heritages : historic and cultural, natural, professional patrimony... In this way, multifunctionality as a concept would be to understand as the necessary connection between commodity production and identity production. [fre] La thématique de la multifonctionnalité pose le problème analytique de la présence de productions multiples, qu'on sépare souvent dans les discussions internationales en productions marchandes et non marchandes, dont le contenu est rarement spécifié. Les économistes tendent à interpréter les produits non marchands en termes de produits joints, d'externalités et éventuellement de biens publics, ce qui conduit à une perte de substance de la notion de multifonctionnalité. Nous défendons l'idée que la relation marchande nécessite comme contrepartie fonctionnelle un autre type de relation, portant sur la production ou le maintien d'« états » particuliers, dans l'espace et dans le temps. Les biens concernés procèdent de l'expression de l'identité de groupes particuliers et participent de la pérennité de ceux-ci, en tant qu'éléments des patrimoines spécifiques dont ils sont titulaires : patrimoines culturels, professionnels, naturels... Le concept de multifonctionnalité serait à interpréter comme l'expression de la relation nécessaire entre la production de biens marchands et de ces biens identitaires.

Suggested Citation

  • Denis Barthelemy & Martino Nieddu, 2003. "Multifonctionnalité agricole : biens non marchands ou biens identitaires ?," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 273(1), pages 103-119.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_2003_num_273_1_5392
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecoru.2003.5392
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