IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/prs/recoru/ecoru_0013-0559_2002_num_267_1_5295.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Le système américain de sécurité des aliments: science, précaution et réponse aux demandes sociales

Author

Listed:
  • Anne-Gaëlle Macé

Abstract

[fre] Les négociations internationales dans le domaine des échanges commerciaux de produits alimentaires constituent un terrain d'affrontement pour l'Union Européenne et les États-Unis, avec notamment comme enjeu la reconnaissance du principe de précaution. L'objectif de cet article est de comprendre les arguments défendus par les représentants américains en étudiant le système juridique national encadrant la sécurité des aliments. Après en avoir décrit les principes directeurs et l'organisation institutionnelle, d'ailleurs en voie de révision, l'article s'arrête sur une disposition surprenante. La Delaney Clause est une disposition datant de 1958 et qui pose un principe de zéro tolérance pour les additifs alimentaires comportant des substances cancérigènes. À l'inverse du principe fondamental du système américain qu'est l'exigence d'un fondement scientifique valable, cette disposition paraît être l'exemple parfait de la manière dont les États- Unis font aussi place à la demande sociale. [eng] The international trade negotiations concerning food products are a battlefield for the European Union and the United States, at the center of which is the question of the aknowledgement of the precautionary principle. The aim of this article is to understand the arguments of the American negotiators by studying their national food safety system. The article first describes the system's main guiding principles and what are the institutions involved in food safety. Then, it focuses on a surprising provision. The Delaney Clause, which was enacted in 1958, sets a zero tolerance standard for food additives that contain carcinogenic substances. Being in contradiction with the main principle of the system -that is the requirement of a sound science basis, this text seems to be the best example of the situations where the United States also take public opinion's demands into consideration

Suggested Citation

  • Anne-Gaëlle Macé, 2002. "Le système américain de sécurité des aliments: science, précaution et réponse aux demandes sociales," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 267(1), pages 67-78.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_2002_num_267_1_5295
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecoru.2002.5295
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://doi.org/10.3406/ecoru.2002.5295
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL: https://www.persee.fr/doc/ecoru_0013-0559_2002_num_267_1_5295
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_2002_num_267_1_5295. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Equipe PERSEE). General contact details of provider: https://www.persee.fr/collection/ecoru .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.