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Organiser les marchés dans une économie fondée sur la connaissance : le rôle clé des « intégrateurs »

  • Philippe Moati

[eng] The efficient adjustment between supply and demand on real markets implies the ruling of institutions and organisations. The contemporary evolution of the economic and social system leads to the transformation of the modalities of competition. Firms are incited to improve their innovative capacity and their ability to bring global solutions to their customers' needs. These two competitive objectives may be contradictory, especially as they imply different principles for the definition of the content of the activity porfolio. This contradiction supports the growth of a new category of economic agents, called « integrators ». Their main function is to run the adjustment between demands of solutions by customers and particular supplies produced by firms which have based their activity on specialized competences. [fre] Le fonctionnement effectif des marchés implique l'intervention d'institutions et d'organisations facilitant l'ajustement quantitatif et qualitatif entre l'offre et la demande. L'évolution du système économique et social provoque une transformation des formes de concurrence qui incite les entreprises à renforcer leur capacité d'innovation ainsi que leur aptitude à apporter des solutions complètes aux besoins de leurs clients. Ces deux objectifs peuvent se révéler contradictoires, en particulier parce qu'ils impliquent des fondements différents à la définition du contenu du portefeuille d'activités. Ce conflit favorise le développement d'une nouvelle catégorie d'acteurs, qualifiés « d'intégrateurs », dont la fonction principale est d'assurer l'ajustement entre la demande de solutions des clients et des offres particulières produites par des firmes ayant fondé leur activité sur la maîtrise de compétences spécialisées.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue d'économie industrielle.

Volume (Year): 97 (2001)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 123-138

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Handle: RePEc:prs:recind:rei_0154-3229_2001_num_97_1_1803
Note: DOI:10.3406/rei.2001.1803
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/rei

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