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Diversité, sélection et standardisation : les nouveaux modes de gestion du changement technique

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  • Dominique Foray
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    [eng] The presentation of particular stylized facts on technical change - as involving two modes of learning (from diversity and from standardization) - introduces an original analysis of the problems raised by the tension between diversity and standardization. Both economic values of diversity and standardization cannot be considered as invariable dimensions. They depend upon the evolution of the technology. That implies the needs for flexible policies, capable to adjust the modes of coordination (that support respectively creativity and the generation of variety on the one hand, selection and standardization on the other hand) to the logic of the technological life cycle. [fre] La présentation d'une stylisation particulière du changement technique - composée de deux formes d'apprentissage (par la diversité et la standardisation) - introduit une analyse originale des problèmes posés par la tension entre diversité et standardisation. On ne peut affecter une fois pour toutes des valeurs économiques déterminées à la diversité et à la standardisation. Celles-ci changent au fur et à mesure de l'évolution de la technologie. Ce qui implique des politiques flexibles, devant ajuster les modes de coordination (respectivement dédiés à la créativité et la production de la diversité et à la sélection et la standardisation) à la logique des enchaînements temporels qui caractérise le cycle de vie d'une technologie.

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    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue d'économie industrielle.

    Volume (Year): 75 (1996)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 257-274

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:recind:rei_0154-3229_1996_num_75_1_1619
    Note: DOI:10.3406/rei.1996.1619
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