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Chômer plus souvent en région urbaine, plus longtemps en région rurale

  • Hubert Jayet

[eng] Unemployed mort in urban regions longer in rural regions - All regions have not been affected by unemployment to the tame extent nor in the same way. Prom one region to the next, registering with the National Employment Agency (Aftnce notionolt pour l'Emploi) is more or less frequent, the time taken te find a new job is more or less long, and these two phenomena do not necessarily coincide. Through the use of a new approach proposed in this article, the diversity of this influx and outflow of the unemployed can be measured. A model of waitirtg in tine, applied to regional data, makes it possible to compare the effects of the levels of influx and outflow on the labor market. The result is an opposition between highly urban regions in which mobility is high and slightly urbanized regions in which it is low. This distinction also becomes apparent when disparities in unemployment are examined in terms of sex and age. It is likewise found when the rates of entering the unemployed population and the races of leaving the unemployed population are studied separately. These results clearly show the basic difference in labor markets varying in site and In level of urbanization. [fre] Tout* la» région» M* aejt? m ajtaint*» au m#m« dagré par I» cMmi|«, ni da It ntfm« fcçon. L'inacrïption i l^tafte» n*.tio*a*a pour l'amplol y tit plus ou moint fréquattta. l'attanta d*un nouvti •*»•* jp*u» og *•«* lon|ut. tt et» daux phenomena» m vent pat forcément dani la marna sans, (frfa* i l'approcha nouvalla propotéa das» eat articla, on paut maturar |ett» divfp«||# dat flux d'tntréa at da «onia du ch$maga. Un modela da fila d'attansa. appliqua aux donn^at r4flon»J#s. parmat da compvar las affatt du nivaau das tntr^ts ft dai iprtla» tur la marché du trav«H. Il an raaaort una opposition antra das rajJo»^ trèa urbakia* où la mobilité tjt élavéa at daa ré|i«ns pau urbanbéas où alla a«4 faibla. Ca clW«f a apparaît ancora dan» l'axaman da la dit- parité da chômaga p%r aaya at ifa. Ot !• ratrouva éf»lam#nt dam l'étud* sépé ëfi rythma» d'antraa m ajMmaja, pyi fenolfenajutnt entra marcha* du

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Economie et statistique.

Volume (Year): 153 (1983)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 47-57

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Handle: RePEc:prs:ecstat:estat_0336-1454_1983_num_153_1_4731
Note: DOI:10.3406/estat.1983.4731
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