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Představuje lidský kapitál konkurenční výhodu ČR?
[Does human capital create competitive advantage of the Czech Republic?]


  • Zdeňka Matoušková


The article consists of theoretical and analytical part. Theoretical part provides a brief review of the academic literature dealing with human capital, it´s accumulation and obsolescence. In The second part analyses selected qualitative characteristics of adult population in the CR and compares them with their average level in the European Union. Analysis shows that the strong positive attribute of the CR is a high share of population with secondary education. In 2005 this indicator reached 77% in the CR, the EU-25 average was only 48 %. The other CR´ advantage is high average level of quantitative literacy and also high rate of population who took place in the two highest proficiency level of quantitative as well as document literacy. On the other hand the weak point is low share tertiary educated population, low level of prose literacy and ability to speak in a foreign language. CR lacks also in percentage of households having access to the personal computer and to the Internet at home. Population of the CR shows relatively low level of job mobility as well as readiness to move to find job if they were unemployed.

Suggested Citation

  • Zdeňka Matoušková, 2007. "Představuje lidský kapitál konkurenční výhodu ČR?
    [Does human capital create competitive advantage of the Czech Republic?]
    ," Politická ekonomie, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2007(3).
  • Handle: RePEc:prg:jnlpol:v:2007:y:2007:i:3:id:605

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Graciela L. Kaminsky, 1998. "Currency and banking crises: the early warnings of distress," International Finance Discussion Papers 629, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    2. Graciela Kaminsky & Saul Lizondo & Carmen M. Reinhart, 1998. "Leading Indicators of Currency Crises," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 45(1), pages 1-48, March.
    3. Graciela L. Kaminsky & Carmen M. Reinhart & Carlos A. Végh, 2005. "When It Rains, It Pours: Procyclical Capital Flows and Macroeconomic Policies," NBER Chapters,in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 2004, Volume 19, pages 11-82 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Martin Schneider & Aaron Tornell, 2004. "Balance Sheet Effects, Bailout Guarantees and Financial Crises," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 71(3), pages 883-913.
    5. Joon-Ho Hahm & Frederic S. Mishkin, 2000. "Causes of the Korean Financial Crisis: Lessons for Policy," NBER Working Papers 7483, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Carmen M. Reinhart & Kenneth S. Rogoff, 2004. "Serial Default and the "Paradox" of Rich-to-Poor Capital Flows," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(2), pages 53-58, May.
    7. Reuven Glick & Ramon Moreno & Mark M. Spiegel, 2001. "Financial crises in emerging markets," FRBSF Economic Letter, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, issue mar.23.
    8. Giancarlo Corsetti & Paolo Pesenti & Nouriel Roubini, 1998. "What Caused the Asian Currency and Financial Crisis? Part I: A Macroeconomic Overview," NBER Working Papers 6833, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    More about this item


    education; Internet; human capital; accumulation; obsolescence; literacy; skills; competences; computer; households;

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J62 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Job, Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration


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