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Solutions of Bohemian Unemployment in the Late 19th and Early 20th Century


  • Jana Englová


In 1896 there were 2858 several models of job centres in Austria. The most of them (885) were situated in Bohemia. New important job centre model has rested in special hostels. From 1886 till 1895 these hostels were established in seven Austrian Lands (in Bohemia for the first time in 1895). These hostels have provided two meals and overnight for job founders and also free job vacancies register. The Parliament of the Kingdom of Bohemia passed on 29th March 1903 the Act No. 57 concerning Public Labour Exchange in this land. It was the first attempt to address the public labour exchange to a systematic way in Austria and in Europe too. The number of those who found job using the public labour exchange services tripled during the decade from 1904 till 1913 (from 51 937 to 153 782 people). The efficiency of the public labour exchange was about 70 %.

Suggested Citation

  • Jana Englová, 2007. "Solutions of Bohemian Unemployment in the Late 19th and Early 20th Century," Acta Oeconomica Pragensia, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2007(7), pages 112-118.
  • Handle: RePEc:prg:jnlaop:v:2007:y:2007:i:7:id:183:p:112-118

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    More about this item


    Austria; Bohemia; labour market; economic history; jobcentres; public labour exchange; 19th and 20th century;

    JEL classification:

    • N - Economic History
    • N4 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation
    • N43 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Europe: Pre-1913
    • Z - Other Special Topics


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