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The Role of Fiscal Policy in Human Development: The Pakistan’s Perspective


  • Syed Ammad Ali

    (Applied Economics Research Centre, University of Karachi)

  • Hasan Raza

    (Department of Commerce, University of Karachi, Karachi)

  • Muhammad Umair Yousuf

    (Applied Economics Research Centre, University of Karachi, Karachi)


Economic and human development is the ultimate goal of every government. The objective of this study is to investigate the role of fiscal policy in the human development of the country. The novelty of this study is that here we directly measure the effect of government expenditures on Human development by using Human Development Index. This study employs the autoregressive distributed lags (ARDL) bounds testing approach of cointergration on different macroeconomic variables for Pakistan from 1972 to 2010 to explore the impact of government expenditure and the political regime on the welfare of the people in the country. The results show that increase in per capita income and education expenditure have positive effect and current expenditure has negative impact on the human development. The political regime of the democratic governments has a negative effect on human development. The alarming condition of negative relation of current expenditure needs attention of the policy-makers for reducing corruption in the public spending to gain the maximum benefits for the human welfare in Pakistan.

Suggested Citation

  • Syed Ammad Ali & Hasan Raza & Muhammad Umair Yousuf, 2012. "The Role of Fiscal Policy in Human Development: The Pakistan’s Perspective," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 51(4), pages 381-396.
  • Handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:51:y:2012:i:4:p:381-396

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    Public Expenditures; Fiscal Policy; Human Development; Education Expenditures;

    JEL classification:

    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • H52 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Education
    • H53 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs
    • I25 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Economic Development


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