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Persistent Food Insecurity from Policy Failures in Pakistan


  • Zakir Hussain

    (Department of Economics, university of Sargodha.)

  • Waqar Akram

    (Department of Economics, Government College University, Faisalabad.)


The observable fact was known to be hunger in the 1980s but now terminology has been shifted to insecurity. Improving the household food security is an issue of supreme importance in millions of people in the world who are suffering from persistent hunger and malnutrition and those who are at risk of doing such in the future. Many developing countries are making efforts to improve this situation but they are facing budgetary and resource constraints. Achieving a sufficient food supply and making it sustainable remains a global challenge. Indus agriculture system in Pakistan has experienced a Green Revolution and is striving for yellow and blue revolutions. However, it could have not done far better due to inconsistent and incompatible agriculture policies. Wheat, rice and maize are the dominant food crops in Pakistan. Several programmes and policies have attempted to increase the productivity of these crops and help consumers against better access to food. Wheat is the staple food for Pakistan and due to its erratic production food security becomes insecure; however, if wheat production is coupled with rice and maize Pakistan is a food secure country. The policy paper has reviewed issues confronting the food security equation of the country. The paper highlights the determinants of the food security and policy issues. The lopsided government food and agriculture policies are the main cause of persistent food insecurity in the country.

Suggested Citation

  • Zakir Hussain & Waqar Akram, 2008. "Persistent Food Insecurity from Policy Failures in Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 47(4), pages 817-834.
  • Handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:47:y:2008:i:4:p:817-834

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    Cited by:

    1. Ali, Amjad & Bibi, Chan, 2016. "Determinants of Social Progress and its Scenarios under the role of Macroeconomic Instability: Empirics from Pakistan," MPRA Paper 72920, University Library of Munich, Germany.


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