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Intensification-induced Degradation of Irrigated Infrastructure: The Case of Waterlogging and Salinity in Pakistan

Author

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  • Usman Mustafa

    (Pakistan Agricultural Research Council, Agricultural Research Institute, Sariab, Quetta.)

  • P.L. Pingali

    (International Rice Research Institute, Manila, Philippines.)

Abstract

Water and land development, use, and distribution has played a vital role in agricultural development in Pakistan. The country's canal irrigation system is the largest contiguous irrigation system in the world—consisting of 40,000 miles of canals and over 80,000 water courses, field channels and ditches running for another million miles [Qureshi and Zakir (1994)]. This irrigation network covers more than 70 percent of Pakistan's agriculture. Private investment has also contributed significantly to the irrigation system in the form of private tubewells. About 32 percent of farm-gate available water is supplied by the private tubewells, [Government of Pakistan (1988)]. These developments have not only brought new land under cultivation but also permitted a considerable increase in cropping intensities.

Suggested Citation

  • Usman Mustafa & P.L. Pingali, 1995. "Intensification-induced Degradation of Irrigated Infrastructure: The Case of Waterlogging and Salinity in Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 34(4), pages 733-750.
  • Handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:34:y:1995:i:4:p:733-750
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Wolf, J. M., 1986. "Cost and financing of irrigation system operations and maintenance in Pakistan," IWMI Books, Reports H043838, International Water Management Institute.
    2. M. Ghaffar Chaudhry & Syed Abdul Majid & Ghulam Mustafa Chaudhry, 1993. "The Policy of Irrigation Water Pricing in Pakistan: Aims, Assessment and Needed Redirections," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 32(4), pages 809-821.
    3. M. Ghaffar Chaudhry, 1982. "Green Revolution and Redistribution of Rural Incomes. Pakistan's Experience," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 21(3), pages 173-205.
    4. Frithjof Kuhnen, 1989. "The Agrarian Sector in Pakistan's Development Process — Historical Evidence and Implications for Policy and Theory," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 28(4), pages 509-528.
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    Cited by:

    1. Wichelns, Dennis, 1999. "An economic model of waterlogging and salinization in arid regions," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(3), pages 475-491, September.

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