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Línea de pobreza y salarios, 1913-1925. Una primera aproximación

Author

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  • Luis Felipe Zegarra

    (CENTRUM Católica)

Abstract

Este artículo utiliza la metodología de programación lineal para calcular la línea de pobreza extrema entre 1913 y 1925. Utilizando diversas fuentes, estimamos el monto mínimo de ingresos que una familia debería haber obtenido con el fin de cubrir sus necesidades alimenticias básicas. Nuestras estimaciones indican que la canasta básica de alimentos se cubría con poco más de un sol diario antes de la Primera Guerra Mundial, y que el costo de tal canasta aumentó a más del doble hacia el final de la guerra. Una comparación con los salarios de la época indica que en Lima un gran número de trabajadores podía cubrir la canasta de consumo alimenticio básico de sus familias, especialmente si más de un miembro de la familia obtenía ingresos laborales; pero dicha capacidad disminuyó fuertemente hacia el final de 1910.

Suggested Citation

  • Luis Felipe Zegarra, 2011. "Línea de pobreza y salarios, 1913-1925. Una primera aproximación," Revista Economía, Fondo Editorial - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, vol. 34(67), pages 39-56.
  • Handle: RePEc:pcp:pucrev:y:2011:i:67:p:39-56
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    File URL: http://revistas.pucp.edu.pe/index.php/economia/article/view/2613/2562
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Pobreza; precios; sueldos; Perú;

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials

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