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De la informalidad a la modernidad

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  • Víctor E. Tokman

    (Director del Programa Regional del Empleo para América Latina y el Caribe.)

Abstract

This work reviews come contributions of studies carried out by the ILO between 1995 and 2001 on the regulations affecting microenterprises and informal sectors in several countries of the region. It is pointed out initially that the consensus achieved on the benefits of paying more attention to informality, because of its irnportance in relation to employment and poverty, is limited, because of the absence of a common strategic vision, situation that is explained by the lack of a common diagnostic. The diverse interpretations and the heterogeneity of informal activities derive in diverse strategies. It is then indicated that the regulatory approach equates informality with illegality and precarious jobs, two attributes related to informality, but conceptually different. Finally, the strategic options to regulate informality are explored, and outlines to achieve the formalization of informal activities, facilitating its incorporation to the process of modernization, are proposed.

Suggested Citation

  • Víctor E. Tokman, 2001. "De la informalidad a la modernidad," Revista Economía, Fondo Editorial - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, issue 48, pages 153-178.
  • Handle: RePEc:pcp:pucrev:y:2001:i:48:p:153-178
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    File URL: http://revistas.pucp.edu.pe/index.php/economia/article/view/917/887
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    1. Johansen, Soren & Juselius, Katarina, 1990. "Maximum Likelihood Estimation and Inference on Cointegration--With Applications to the Demand for Money," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 52(2), pages 169-210, May.
    2. Granger, C. W. J. & Newbold, Paul, 1986. "Forecasting Economic Time Series," Elsevier Monographs, Elsevier, edition 2, number 9780122951831 edited by Shell, Karl.
    3. Adolfo Figueroa, 1991. "Transformación en la Agricultura de América Latina: Capitalismo y Campesinado," Capítulos de Libros PUCP / Chapters of PUCP books,in: La agricultura latinoamericana: crisis, transformaciones y perspectivas, edition 1 Fondo Editorial - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
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    Cited by:

    1. Bertranou, Fabio. & Casanova, Luis. & Jiménez, Maribel. & Jiménez, Mónica., 2014. "Informality and employment quality in Argentina : country case study on labour market segmentation," ILO Working Papers 994854223402676, International Labour Organization.
    2. Bertranou, Fabio M. & Casanova, Luis. & Jiménez, Maribel. & Jiménez, Mónica., 2013. "Informalidad, calidad del empleo y segmentación laboral en Argentina," ILO Working Papers 994845913402676, International Labour Organization.
    3. repec:ilo:ilowps:484591 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Gustavo Gonzalez Palomino, 2014. "Diferencias en los ingresos laborales en Colombia, 2001?2006: un análisis de descomposición de Oaxaca para los sectores formal e informal," REVISTA CIFE, UNIVERSIDAD SANTO TOMÁS, September.
    5. repec:ilo:ilowps:485422 is not listed on IDEAS

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