Market Structure and the Multinational Enterprise: A Game-theoretic Approach1
Since at least the late 1950s, it has been recognized that multinational enterprises operate in imperfect markets characterized by oligopoly. The dominant “transactions-cost” theory of multinational enterprises does not wholly account for why this is so. The reductio ad absurdum of this theory would predict imperfect markets to be sure, but they would be monopolistic rather than oligopolistic. In this article, a simple model based on noncooperative game theory shows how oligopolistic markets can evolve from monopolistic ones. Also shown is that it is neither necessary nor sufficient that a firm have lower costs than its rivals in order to have an incentive to become multinational.© 1998 JIBS. Journal of International Business Studies (1998) 29, 67–83
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Volume (Year): 29 (1998)
Issue (Month): 1 (March)
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