IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

The Impact of Occupation and Gender on Pensions from Defined Contribution Plans

Listed author(s):
  • David Blake


    (Pensions Institute, Cass Business School, 106 Bunhill Row, London EC1Y 8TZ, U.K.)

  • Andrew Cairns

    (Maxwell Institute, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, U.K.)

  • Kevin Dowd

    (Centre for Risk and Insurance Studies, Nottingham University Business School, Nottingham, U.K.)

We present simulation results for the likely pension outcomes for different defined-contribution (DC) pension plan members distinguished by occupation and gender. While our results suggest that key differences between outcomes depend on the strategic asset allocation strategy chosen (and hence on the rate of return on assets in relation to the growth rate in salaries), we also find that DC plans benefit most those workers who have the highest career average salary relative to final salary or whose salary peaks earliest in their careers. Thus low-skilled workers and women do relatively well from DC plans: the largest median pension difference between occupations is 34 per cent (for men) and 38 per cent (for women), while the largest median pension difference between women and men in the same occupation is 45 per cent (for the same contribution rate). We conclude that key aspects of plan design (in particular contribution rates) should be occupation- and gender-specific. The Geneva Papers (2007) 32, 458–482. doi:10.1057/palgrave.gpp.2510141

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
File Function: Link to full text PDF
Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

File URL:
File Function: Link to full text HTML
Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.

Article provided by Palgrave Macmillan & The Geneva Association in its journal The Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance Issues and Practice.

Volume (Year): 32 (2007)
Issue (Month): 4 (October)
Pages: 458-482

in new window

Handle: RePEc:pal:gpprii:v:32:y:2007:i:4:p:458-482
Contact details of provider: Web page:


Route de Malagnou 53, CH - 1208 Geneva

Phone: +41-22 707 66 00
Fax: +41-22 736 75 36
Web page:

More information through EDIRC

Order Information: Web:

No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pal:gpprii:v:32:y:2007:i:4:p:458-482. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Sonal Shukla)

or (Rebekah McClure)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.