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Beyond the BRICs: Alternative Strategies of Influence in the Global Politics of Development

Listed author(s):
  • Matthias vom Hau

    (Institut Barcelona d’Estudis Internacionals (IBEI), Barcelona, Spain)

  • James Scott

    (Brooks World Poverty Institute, Humanities Bridgeford Street Building, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK)

  • David Hulme

    (Brooks World Poverty Institute, Humanities Bridgeford Street Building, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK)

This introductory essay situates the subsequent special issue within a comparative framework that helps to unpack the new global politics of development. It argues that there is a set of countries beyond Brazil, Russia, India and China – often described as ‘the BRICs’ – that are emerging to a position of increased international prominence and which merit greater attention than they have hitherto received. Recent economic risers such as South Africa, South Korea, Turkey and Mexico are responding to their economic growth and seeking to secure greater influence within regional and global affairs. The analytical framework developed here distinguishes between four distinct strategies of international engagement: issue leading, opportunity seeking, region organising and region mobilising. The framework further suggests the need to focus on new global opportunities and pressures, as well as the specific interests and capacities of states when accounting for the adoption of a particular strategy of engagement.Cet essai d’introduction inscrit ce numéro spécial dans un cadre comparatif nous permettant d’analyser la nouvelle politique globale de développement. Il soutient qu’il existe un ensemble de pays au delà du Brésil, de la Russie, de l’Inde et de la Chine – souvent dénommé les pays ‘BRICs’- qui sont en train de gagner en importance sur la scène internationale et qui méritent plus d’attention qu’ils n’ont reçu jusqu’à présent. Les pays en ascension économique récente tels que l’Afrique du Sud, la Corée du Sud, la Turquie, et le Mexique réagissent à leur croissance économique en s’efforçant d’accroître leur influence tant au niveau régional qu’international. Le cadre analytique développé dans cet essai distingue quatre stratégies d’engagement: Le leadership thématique, la recherche d’opportunités, l’organisation régionale et la mobilisation régionale. Ce cadre met également en avant le besoin de se pencher sur les nouvelles opportunités et contraintes se présentant au niveau mondial, ainsi que sur les intérêts et capacités spécifiques des États, pour comprendre et expliquer l’adoption de telle ou telle stratégie d’engagement.

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Article provided by Palgrave Macmillan & European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (EADI) in its journal European Journal of Development Research.

Volume (Year): 24 (2012)
Issue (Month): 2 (April)
Pages: 187-204

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Handle: RePEc:pal:eurjdr:v:24:y:2012:i:2:p:187-204
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