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Education, Inequality and Social Mobility in Central India

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  • Peggy Froerer

    () (Brunel University, Uxbridge, UK.)

Abstract

Over the past couple of decades, marginalised adivasi (tribal) communities in central India have seen the emergence of a powerful social institution, namely education, that is conferring social advantage and opening up new avenues of social mobility while introducing new forms of social separation. This article is concerned with the relationship between education, inequality and social mobility in a mixed, Hindu/Christian adivasi community in rural Chhattisgarh. More specifically, it is about the engagement that local people have had with education, the uncertainties and ambiguities that underpin this engagement, and the way this impacts on opportunities for social mobility. Attention is also given to the way in which education serves as a powerful mechanism for consolidating new forms of social separation, not simply by reproducing social inequalities, but by introducing new ones.Depuis quelques décennies, les communautés marginalisées adivasi (ou indigènes) d’Inde centrale ont de plus en plus accès à l’éducation, ce qui leurs offre des avantages sociaux et de nouvelles possibilités de mobilité sociale, mais introduit également de nouvelles formes de ségrégation sociale. Cet article s’intéresse au lien entre l’éducation, l’inégalité et la mobilité sociale au sein d’une communauté adivasi mixte de chrétiens et d’hindous d’une région rurale de l’État de Chhattisgarh. Plus précisément, il examine l’engagement que les populations locales ont envers l’éducation, les incertitudes et ambiguïtés sous-tendant cet engagement, ainsi que l’impact de ceux-ci sur les opportunités de mobilité sociale. Nous portons également notre attention sur la manière dont l’éducation sert de mécanisme puissant pour renforcer les nouvelles formes de ségrégation sociale, non pas simplement en reproduisant les inégalités sociales, mais aussi en en créant de nouvelles.

Suggested Citation

  • Peggy Froerer, 2011. "Education, Inequality and Social Mobility in Central India," The European Journal of Development Research, Palgrave Macmillan;European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (EADI), vol. 23(5), pages 695-711, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:eurjdr:v:23:y:2011:i:5:p:695-711
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