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New Common Ground in Pastoral and Settled Agricultural Communities in Kenya: Renegotiated Institutions and the Gender Implications

  • Daniel Kyalo Willy

    (Institute for Food and Resource Economics, University of Bonn, Bonn.)

  • Wanjiku Chiuri

    (International Centre for Tropical Agriculture, Kigali.)

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    Avec pour toile de fond, le changement climatique, l’accroissement démographique et l’évolution des structures économiques et sociales, cet article analyse les interactions dynamiques entre les pasteurs nomades masaï et les communautés agricoles sédentaires dans le bassin versant de la rivière Njoro au Kenya. De récents changements politiques ont mené à une transition d′un système de propriété collective à un système reposant sur la propriété privée des terres, donnant le jour à une nouvelle situation favorisant l’émergence d’un nouveau régime de droits de propriété. En se basant sur des données recueillies auprès de fermiers sédentaires et d’éleveurs nomades, cette étude démontre comment l’évolution du régime de droits de propriété a obligé les communautés à modifier leurs institutions communautaires locales et à renégocier les rôles des hommes et des femmes au sein de la communauté. En particulier, le travail des femmes a augmenté, et leur contrôle des ressources s’est affaibli. Ceci fait qu’elles doivent chercher des moyens alternatifs afin de pouvoir répondre aux attentes traditionnelles, et doivent négocier de nouveaux rôles au sein de leurs familles et de leurs communautés. Les hommes, par contre, bénéficient clairement du nouveau régime.

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    Article provided by Palgrave Macmillan & European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (EADI) in its journal European Journal of Development Research.

    Volume (Year): 22 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 5 (December)
    Pages: 733-750

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    Handle: RePEc:pal:eurjdr:v:22:y:2010:i:5:p:733-750
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