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Chinese Migrants in Africa as New Agents of Development? An Analytical Framework

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  • Giles Mohan

    (Development Policy and Practice Group, The Open University, UK)

  • May Tan-Mullins

    (Geography Department, Durham University, UK)

Abstract

Les flux migratoires de la Chine vers l’Afrique se sont intensifiés récemment suite à une série d’initiatives du gouvernement chinois. En dépit du fait que ceux-ci constituent un aspect important des relations Chine-Afrique, il n’y a eu jusqu’à maintenant aucune tentative d’évaluer systématiquement leurs impacts économiques, sociaux et politiques. Cet article établit, dans un premier temps, les dimensions analytiques générales concernant les motivations qui incitent à émigrer et les processus de développement. Dans un deuxième temps, l’article évalue les données disponibles sur ces tendances migratoires, en notant que celles-ci sont souvent très spéculatives. L’article se penche ensuite sur les politiques chinoises de l’internationalisation et de l’Afrique, ainsi que leurs dimensions économiques et socio-politiques respectivement. Économiquement, beaucoup de grandes entreprises chinoises investissent dans les secteurs clés de ressources naturelles en Afrique, mais pour la plupart des Africains la présence chinoise se manifeste par l’existence de petits commerçants sur les marchés locaux. Au plan social, les Chinois ont été bien accueillis en Afrique, même si leur intégration reste limitée. Cependant, des tensions ont surgi dans certains pays, et ont été exploitées par des hommes politiques africains.European Journal of Development Research (2009) 21, 588–605. doi:10.1057/ejdr.2009.22

Suggested Citation

  • Giles Mohan & May Tan-Mullins, 2009. "Chinese Migrants in Africa as New Agents of Development? An Analytical Framework," The European Journal of Development Research, Palgrave Macmillan;European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (EADI), vol. 21(4), pages 588-605, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:eurjdr:v:21:y:2009:i:4:p:588-605
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    Cited by:

    1. Montfort Mlachila & Misa Takebe, 2011. "FDI from BRICs to LICs; Emerging Growth Driver?," IMF Working Papers 11/178, International Monetary Fund.
    2. Simplice Asongu, 2016. "Reinventing Foreign Aid For Inclusive And Sustainable Development: Kuznets, Piketty And The Great Policy Reversal," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 30(4), pages 736-755, September.
    3. Asongu, Simplice A, 2014. "A Development Consensus reconciling the Beijing Model and Washington Consensus: Views and Agenda," MPRA Paper 58757, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Simplice Asongu & John Ssozi, 2016. "Sino-African Relations: Some Solutions and Strategies to the Policy Syndromes," Journal of African Business, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(1), pages 33-51, January.
    5. Simplice Asongu, 2014. "Sino-African relations: a review and reconciliation of dominant schools of thought," Working Papers 14/037, African Governance and Development Institute..
    6. Codrin Arsene, 2014. "Chinese Employers and Their Ugandan Workers: Tensions, Frictions and Cooperation in an African City," Journal of Current Chinese Affairs - China aktuell, Institute of Asian Studies, GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies, Hamburg, vol. 43(1), pages 139-176.
    7. Kohnert, Dirk, 2010. "Are the Chinese in Africa More Innovative than the Africans? Comparing Chinese and Nigerian Entrepreneurial Migrants' Cultures of Innovation," EconStor Conference Papers 119528, ZBW - German National Library of Economics.
    8. Kohnert, Dirk, 2010. "Drivers of change or cut-throat competitors? Challenging Cultures of Innovation of Chinese and Nigerian migrant entrepreneurs in West Africa," MPRA Paper 23132, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Asongu, Simplice, 2014. "Reinventing foreign aid for inclusive and sustainable development: a survey," MPRA Paper 65300, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Narula, Rajneesh, 2010. "Much ado about nothing, or sirens of a brave new world?: MNE activity from developing countries and its significance for development," MERIT Working Papers 021, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
    11. Meine Pieter van Dijk & Ward Warmerdam, 2012. "New Light on Chinese enterprises in Africa: Findings from a recent survey of Chinese Firms in Kampala, the capital of Uganda," Working Papers 2012/53, Maastricht School of Management.
    12. Jun Gu & Annika Mueller & Ingrid Nielsen & Jason Shachat & Russell Smyth, 2015. "An experimental study of contact effects and their persistence on Malawian shopkeepers’ willingness to spend future time with their Chinese counterparts," Monash Economics Working Papers 04-15, Monash University, Department of Economics.
    13. Gu, Jun & Mueller, Annika & Nielsen, Ingrid & Shachat, Jason & Smyth, Russell, 2015. "Reducing prejudice through actual and imagined contact: A field experiment with Malawian shopkeepers and Chinese immigrants," Working Papers on East Asian Studies 105/2015, University of Duisburg-Essen, Institute of East Asian Studies IN-EAST.
    14. Guive Khan Mohammad, 2014. "The Chinese Presence in Burkina Faso: A Sino-African Cooperation from Below," Journal of Current Chinese Affairs - China aktuell, Institute of Asian Studies, GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies, Hamburg, vol. 43(1), pages 71-101.

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