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International Shocks and the Role of Domestic Policy in Australia

  • Mardi Dungey

    ()

    (The Australian National University)

In the presence of large international disturbances small open economies are faced with difficult policy choices. International conditions impact on domestic outcomes. Using a structural VAR model of the Australian economy I explore the ways in which domestic monetary policy contributes to the output outcomes experienced in the economy. The focus is on the impact of international shocks. Monetary policy is modelled using a cash rate response to GNE, inflation and real exchange rate shocks. The results show that removing the focus on either GNE or inflation leads to lower GDP outcomes for the economy. The challenge for domestic policy is to recognise and respond to international and domestic shocks to the maximum benefit of the domestic economy.

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Article provided by Bankwest Curtin Economics Centre (BCEC), Curtin Business School in its journal Australian Journal of Labour Economics.

Volume (Year): 5 (2002)
Issue (Month): 2 (June)
Pages: 143-163

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Handle: RePEc:ozl:journl:v:5:y:2002:i:2:p:143-163
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://business.curtin.edu.au/research/publications/journals/ajle/
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  1. Summers, Peter M., 2001. "Forecasting Australia's economic performance during the Asian crisis," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 499-515.
  2. Jacqueline Dwyer & Kenneth Leong, 2001. "Changes in the Determinants of Inflation in Australia," RBA Research Discussion Papers rdp2001-02, Reserve Bank of Australia.
  3. Frederic S. Mishkin & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel, 2001. "One decade of inflation targeting in the world : What do we know and what do we need to know?," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 101, Central Bank of Chile.
  4. Lawrence H. Summers, 2000. "International Financial Crises: Causes, Prevention, and Cures," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(2), pages 1-16, May.
  5. Laurence Ball, 2000. "Policy Rules and External Shocks," NBER Working Papers 7910, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Peter M. Summers, 1999. "Macroeconomic Forecasting at the Melbourne Institute," Australian Economic Review, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, vol. 32(2), pages 197-205.
  7. Hyeon-Seung Huh, 1999. "How well does the Mundell-Fleming model fit Australian data since the collapse of Bretton Woods?," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 31(3), pages 397-407.
  8. Jacqueline Dwyer & Kenneth Leong, 2001. "Changes in the determinants of inflation in Australia," BIS Papers chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Empirical studies of structural changes and inflation, volume 3, pages 1-28 Bank for International Settlements.
  9. Andrea Brischetto & Graham Voss, 1999. "A Structural Vector Autoregression Model of Monetary Policy in Australia," RBA Research Discussion Papers rdp1999-11, Reserve Bank of Australia.
  10. Fisher, Lance A, 1996. "Sources of Exchange Rate and Price Level Fluctuations in Two Commodity Exporting Countries: Australia and New Zealand," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 72(219), pages 345-58, December.
  11. Herrera, Ana Maria & Hamilton, James D., 2001. "Oil Shocks and Aggregate Macroeconomic Behavior: The Role of Monetary Policy," University of California at San Diego, Economics Working Paper Series qt4qp0p0v5, Department of Economics, UC San Diego.
  12. E.J. Weber, 1993. "The Role of Money During the Recession in Australia in 1990-92," Economics Discussion / Working Papers 93-15, The University of Western Australia, Department of Economics.
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