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The Swedish unemployment experience


  • Bertil Holmlund


By international standards, unemployment in Sweden remained remarkably low throughout the 1970s and the 1980s. In the early 1990s, however, the unemployment rate increased sharply and hit double-digit levels. The paper argues that the steep rise in unemployment was mainly the result of a series of adverse macroeconomic shocks, partly self-inflicted by bad policies, and partly caused by unfavourable international developments. The extremely contractionary monetary policy in 1992 appears to have had strong and long-lasting effects on unemployment. Institutional factors do not appear as convincing explanations of the steep rise in unemployment in the early 1990s. Copyright 2009, Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Bertil Holmlund, 2009. "The Swedish unemployment experience," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 25(1), pages 109-125, Spring.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:oxford:v:25:y:2009:i:1:p:109-125

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Sánchez-Romero, Miguel & d׳Albis, Hippolyte & Prskawetz, Alexia, 2016. "Education, lifetime labor supply, and longevity improvements," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 118-141.
    2. Erixon, Lennart, 2011. "Under the influence of traumatic events, new ideas, economic experts and the ICT revolution - the economic policy and macroeconomic performance of Sweden in the 1990s and 2000s," Research Papers in Economics 2011:25, Stockholm University, Department of Economics.

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