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Fiscal Policies in Eastern Europe

Author

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  • Budina, Nina
  • van Wijnbergen, Sweder

Abstract

We focus on the role of fiscal policies in macroeconomic stabilization in eastern Europe and assess the sustainability of fiscal policies for the central and eastern European economies in transition. We show the main causes of fiscal imbalances experienced at the beginning of the transition process. Countries that adopted tight fiscal policies were more successful with their inflation stabilization programmes, have experienced a faster recovery of growth, and did not experience a steeper decline in output. Countries with unsustainable fiscal policies all floated their exchange rate, but there are both floating and peg arrangements among the successful stabilizers. In all the successful cases, however, current account convertibility was established. We also discuss the experience of Poland and Romania--two polar cases in terms of fiscal policies and present lessons and policy recommendations for other economies in transition. Copyright 1997 by Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Budina, Nina & van Wijnbergen, Sweder, 1997. "Fiscal Policies in Eastern Europe," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 13(2), pages 47-64, Summer.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:oxford:v:13:y:1997:i:2:p:47-64
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    Cited by:

    1. Michał Mackiewicz & Piotr Krajewski, 2009. "On the mechanisms of achieving fiscal (un)sustainability: the case of Poland," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 36(4), pages 445-460, November.
    2. Orlando Gomes, 2009. "On the stability of endogenous growth models: An evaluation of the agents' response to output fluctuations," Journal of Economic Studies, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 36(1), pages 17-35, January.
    3. Pirttilä, Jukka, 2000. "Fiscal policy and structural reforms in transition economies : An empirical analysis," BOFIT Discussion Papers 5/2000, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
    4. Pirttilä, Jukka, 1999. "Tax evasion and economies in transition : Lessons from tax theory," BOFIT Discussion Papers 2/1999, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
    5. Bettina Fincke & Marcin Wolski, 2016. "Are European fiscal rules that bad? Discretionary fiscal policies in New Member States," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 51(2), pages 517-546, September.
    6. Nina Budina & Sweder Van Wijnbergen, 2001. "Fiscal deficits, monetary reform and inflation stabilization in romania," Journal of Economic Policy Reform, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 4(3), pages 165-194.
    7. Staehr, Karsten, 2008. "Fiscal policies and business cycles in an enlarged euro area," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 46-69, March.
    8. Andrea Silvestrini, 2010. "Testing fiscal sustainability in Poland: a Bayesian analysis of cointegration," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 39(1), pages 241-274, August.
    9. Marianna Sávai, 2016. "Short-term Fiscal Sustainability of V4 Countries," European Financial and Accounting Journal, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2016(3), pages 169-182.
    10. Green, Christopher J. & Holmes, Mark J. & Kowalski, Tadeusz, 2001. "Poland: a successful transition to budget sustainability?," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 2(2), pages 161-183, June.
    11. Mehrotra, Aaron, 2006. "Essays on empirical macroeconomics," Scientific Monographs, Bank of Finland, number 2006_034, June.
    12. Genta Bungo-Tafa, 2012. "Reformation of Tax Procedures along the European Integration Process," Academicus International Scientific Journal, Entrepreneurship Training Center Albania, issue 6, pages 84-100, June.
    13. Mehrotra, Aaron N. & Peltonen, Tuomas, 2005. "Socio-economic development and fiscal policy: lessons from the cohesion countries for the new member states," Working Paper Series 467, European Central Bank.

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