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Inflation targeting monetary and fiscal policies in a two-country stock–flow-consistent model

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  • Matthew Greenwood-Nimmo

Abstract

This paper develops a simple two-country stock–flow-consistent model based on that of Godley and Lavoie. In order to motivate the use of stabilisation policies, persistent inflationary pressure and endogenous economic cycles are introduced into the model. Three scenarios are then simulated: a step decrease in real exports from country B, increased wage pressure in country B and an income tax cut in country A. In all cases, monetary and fiscal policies in isolation enjoy little success, but a combined monetary and fiscal approach to stabilisation proves highly effective. Moreover, the model suggests that the pursuit of autonomous inflation targeting in each country introduces excessive exchange rate volatility relative to an alternative rule in which one central bank takes a leading role in interest rate setting.

Suggested Citation

  • Matthew Greenwood-Nimmo, 2014. "Inflation targeting monetary and fiscal policies in a two-country stock–flow-consistent model," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 38(4), pages 839-867.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:cambje:v:38:y:2014:i:4:p:839-867.
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1093/cje/bet018
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    Cited by:

    1. Michalis Nikiforos & Gennaro Zezza, 2017. "Stock-flow Consistent Macroeconomic Models: A Survey," Economics Working Paper Archive wp_891, Levy Economics Institute.
    2. Evzen Kocenda & Balazs Varga, 2016. "The impact of monetary strategies on inflation persistence," KIER Working Papers 938, Kyoto University, Institute of Economic Research.
    3. Greg Hannsgen & Tai Young-Taft, 2015. "Inside Money in a Kaldor-Kalecki-Steindl Fiscal Policy Model: The Unit of Account, Inflation, Leverage, and Financial Fragility," Economics Working Paper Archive wp_839, Levy Economics Institute.
    4. Hiroaki Sasaki & Shinya Fujita, 2015. "Demand and Income Distribution in a Two-Country Kaleckian Model," Discussion papers e-14-017, Graduate School of Economics Project Center, Kyoto University.

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