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Transnational corporations' strategies and foreign trade patterns in MERCOSUR countries in the 1990s


  • Daniel Chudnovsky
  • Andrés López


Market-seeking strategies predominate in the recent FDI boom in MERCOSUR countries. In the trade performance of transnational corporation affiliates a sort of 'asymmetric integration' is clearly visible: they produce for the internal market and, to some extent, for the regional one, while import inputs and final goods from developed countries (and a significant part of these trade flows is intra-firm). Thus, even if affiliates obtained productivity gains in the 1990s, they have not yet been reflected in a significant increase in exports, and even less in extra-regional exports. Hence, the foreign direct investment boom seemingly has not yet contributed to a better insertion of MERCOSUR countries into the world economy. Copyright 2004, Oxford University Press.

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  • Daniel Chudnovsky & Andrés López, 2004. "Transnational corporations' strategies and foreign trade patterns in MERCOSUR countries in the 1990s," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 28(5), pages 635-652, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:cambje:v:28:y:2004:i:5:p:635-652

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Coutts, Ken & Godley, Wynne, 1990. "Prosperity and Foreign Trade in the 1990s: Britain's Strategic Problem," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 6(3), pages 82-92, Autumn.
    2. Wood, Adrian, 1995. "North-South Trade, Employment and Inequality: Changing Fortunes in a Skill-Driven World," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198290155, June.
    3. Singh, Ajit, 1977. "UK Industry and the World Economy: A Case of De-industrialisation?," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 1(2), pages 113-136, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Sebastian Krapohl & Katharina L. Meissner & Johannes Muntschick, 2014. "Regional Powers as Leaders or Rambos? The Ambivalent Behaviour of Brazil and South Africa in Regional Economic Integration," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 52(4), pages 879-895, July.
    2. Alessia LO TURCO, 2005. "The EU-Mercosur Association Process. An Analysis of Bilateral Trade," Working Papers 224, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
    3. Alessia LO TURCO, 2005. "Integration Agreements, FDI and Structural Reforms. An Analysis of the Determinants of European Investment in Latin America," Working Papers 229, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
    4. Keshari, Pradeep Kumar, 2012. "FDI and firm level export competitiveness in the Indian machinery industry," MPRA Paper 47069, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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