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Intrinsic And Extrinsic Motivation - An Investigation Of Performance Correlation

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  • Matei Mirabela Constanta

    () (Universitatea din Oradea, Facultatea de Stiinte Economice)

  • Abrudan Maria-Madela

    () (Universitatea din Oradea, Facultatea de Stiinte Economice)

Abstract

A series of research untaken in the last decade have revealed some interesting aspects regarding the effects of different types of motivation on performance. Among the researchers who have shown interest in this field we can number: Richard Ryan, Edward Deci, Sam Glucksberg, Dan Ariely, Robert Eisenhower, Linda Shanock, analysts from London School of Economics, and others. Their findings suggest that extrinsic incentives may have a negative impact on overall performance, but a general agreement in this respect has not been reached. In this paper we intend to shed some light upon the relationship between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation and performance. Experts define intrinsic motivation as being the execution of a task or activity because of the inherent satisfaction arising from it rather than due to some separate outcome. In contrast with intrinsic motivation, we speak of extrinsic motivation whenever an activity is done in order to attain some separable outcome. With the purpose of contributing to the clarification of the links between concepts, we initiated and conducted an explanatory research. The research is based on the analysis of the relations between the results obtained by third year students and their predominant type of motivation. For this, we formulated and tested four work hypotheses using a combination of quantitative methods (investigation) and qualitative methods (focus group). After the validation of the questionnaires, the respondents were divided into four categories: intrinsically motivated, extrinsically motivated, both intrinsically and extrinsically motivated and unmotivated. To analyze the collected data, we made use of Excel and SPSS. Some of the primary conclusions of the research are as follows: as the average increases, the percent of individuals having both extrinsic and intrinsic motivation is decreasing; the highest percentage of unmotivated students is concentrated in the highest average category; Female students tend to have better performance at university level. The research intends to be nearly a first step in the attempt to clarify the relationship between intrinsic (and extrinsic) motivation and performance. Further research is needed.

Suggested Citation

  • Matei Mirabela Constanta & Abrudan Maria-Madela, 2011. "Intrinsic And Extrinsic Motivation - An Investigation Of Performance Correlation," Annals of Faculty of Economics, University of Oradea, Faculty of Economics, vol. 1(1), pages 671-677, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:ora:journl:v:1:y:2011:i:1:p:671-677
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    Keywords

    intrinsic motivation; extrinsic motivation; performance; correlation;

    JEL classification:

    • M12 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Personnel Management; Executives; Executive Compensation
    • I23 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Higher Education; Research Institutions

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