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Between Utopia and Reality – The Kurdish Issue in Syria


  • Boyan Hadzhiev

    () (University of National and World Economy, Sofia, Bulgaria)


The aim of this paper is to apply a system approach for the Kurdish issue analysis in Syria (by May 2018). The Middle East is in a period of destabilization after the Arab Spring. Negative effects get their most serious manifestation in Syria, where the country is ripped off by "civil" war, geopolitical clashes and state failure. In this situation, the Syrian Kurds were able to establish their quasi-state structure – the Democratic Federation of Northern Syria. This political subject is considered as a subsystem with inherent centrifugal and centripetal forces. Additionally, two "acceptable" scenarios are outlined for the development of the Kurdish issue. The conclusion is that the Kurds need serious external support, internal consolidation and compromise in order to get the chance to implement their own project for self-government in the new system realities.

Suggested Citation

  • Boyan Hadzhiev, 2018. "Between Utopia and Reality – The Kurdish Issue in Syria," Nauchni trudove, University of National and World Economy, Sofia, Bulgaria, issue 4, pages 349-365, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:nwe:natrud:y:2018:i:4:p:349-365

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    More about this item


    Syrian conflict; Rojava; Kurdish independence; scenarios;

    JEL classification:

    • F51 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - International Conflicts; Negotiations; Sanctions
    • H56 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - National Security and War
    • N45 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Asia including Middle East


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