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Influence of outflow of Polish citizens on the labour market and the development of entrepreneurship in Poland. Assessment attempt


  • Agnieszka Kalisiewicz

    () (Ministry of Economy, Poland)


The aim of the article is to describe the influence of paid emigration of Polish citizens on employment in enterprises and enterprise development in Poland, in the year 2007. The assessment has been prepared on the basis of survey of 6,100 randomly selected enterprises in the whole country, conducted in May and June 2008. The results of the survey showed that there was a considerable shortage of skilled workers with vocational and technical education at the labour market in Poland. However, paid emigration of Poles was not the only reason for the lack of employees in some sectors of economy. The shortage did not significantly limit possibilities of enterprise development until now.

Suggested Citation

  • Agnieszka Kalisiewicz, 2009. "Influence of outflow of Polish citizens on the labour market and the development of entrepreneurship in Poland. Assessment attempt," Bank i Kredyt, Narodowy Bank Polski, vol. 40(3), pages 25-46.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbp:nbpbik:v:40:y:2009:i:3:p:25-46 Note: The author would like to thank two anonymous referees for helpful comments. Opinions expressed in this paper are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of the institution she works for.

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item


    labour market; migration; entrepreneurship development; survey;

    JEL classification:

    • J20 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - General
    • J60 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - General
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • M21 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Economics - - - Business Economics


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