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The effect of the monetary base on money supply – Does the quantity of central bank money carry any information?

Author

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  • András Komáromi

    () (Magyar Nemzeti Bank (central bank of Hungary))

Abstract

In discussing the transmission mechanism, basic macroeconomics textbooks focus on changes in money supply, which the central bank can control by manipulating the monetary base. Modern central banks, however, take a considerably more complex view of the transmission mechanism, and the operational target of most central banks is to set a short-term interest rate. Under such circumstances, the direction of the mutual effect of the monetary base and money supply is rather the reverse in today’s practice, i.e. the results of the portfolio decisions of economic agents are reflected in the central bank’s balance sheet, determining the size of the monetary base. The article explains the direction of the actual mechanism and argues the point that, contrary to the view still widely held in academic circles, a great deal of the factors affecting the monetary base are exogenous for the central bank. Accordingly, the growth rate of M0 (monetary base or base money) carries no direct information on either the intentions of the central bank or the outlook for inflation.

Suggested Citation

  • András Komáromi, 2007. "The effect of the monetary base on money supply – Does the quantity of central bank money carry any information?," MNB Bulletin (discontinued), Magyar Nemzeti Bank (Central Bank of Hungary), vol. 2(1), pages 31-37, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:mnb:bullet:v:2:y:2007:i:1:p:31-37
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    File URL: http://www.mnb.hu/letoltes/bulletin-2007june-komaromi.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Muhammad Arshad Khan, 2010. "Testing of money multiplier model for Pakistan: does monetary base carry any information?," Economic Analysis Working Papers (2002-2010). Atlantic Review of Economics (2011-2016), Colexio de Economistas de A Coruña, Spain and Fundación Una Galicia Moderna, vol. 9, pages 1-20, February.
    2. Mihály Hoffmann & Zsuzsa Kékesi & Péter Koroknai, 2013. "Changes in central bank profit/loss and their determinants," MNB Bulletin (discontinued), Magyar Nemzeti Bank (Central Bank of Hungary), vol. 8(3), pages 36-48, October.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    monetary base; monetary aggregates; operational target; money multiplier model.;

    JEL classification:

    • A20 - General Economics and Teaching - - Economic Education and Teaching of Economics - - - General
    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy

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