The Stock Markets and Real Economic Activity
The goal of this paper is to provide new evidence on the bidirectional relationships between economic activity indicators and stock market returns in four Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries: Poland, the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Slovakia. Using the single equation error correction model (SEECM) framework of cointegration analysis, the Engle-Granger two-step procedure, single-equation Granger causality tests, and the Toda-Yamamoto (1995) approach, this paper presents results for the Czech Republic, Poland, and Hungary that are generally in accordance with the present value theory of stock prices. Thus, the stock market indexes for these countries are leading indicators of the state of the real economy. However, as explained here, the results for Hungary must be interpreted with greater caution. In addition, as was expected, the results for Slovakia were very different from those of the other countries.
Volume (Year): 49 (2011)
Issue (Month): 4 (July)
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