Knowledge-Based Economy and Social Capital in Central and East European Countries
Comparative analysis of the European Union (EU) and the Central and East European countries (CEECs) using economic indicators reveals a complex picture of similarities and differences. In some respects, the difference between the European south and north is greater than the difference between the EU and CEECs. The capabilities of human capital in CEECs are not far behind the EU and are above those of south Europe. Orientation toward an open economy (globalization) is present more in some CEECs than in most EU countries. CEECs, in general, invest less in research. Governments are still heavily involved in research funding in countries with a tradition in strong central planning systems and a large number of researchers. In other CEECs, business enterprises are becoming more involved in research funding but on average are still far below the European Union. The CEECs lag substantially behind EU countries in implementing new communication and information technology. These countries are not taking advantage of the new cycle of innovation. As a consequence, the technological gap is growing. The ability to implement and adapt to change depends on social capital. Some dimensions of the value system indicate the prevalence of a modernistic orientation in CEECs. But, because the communist system was dysfunctional, especially in relation to the market and democracy, social capital rapidly replaced the imperfection of the formal system and social networks. Trust became more important than the law and regulatory institutional systems.
If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.
Volume (Year): 42 (2004)
Issue (Month): 6 (November)
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: http://mesharpe.metapress.com/link.asp?target=journal&id=106044|
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:mes:eaeuec:v:42:y:2004:i:6:p:39-71. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Chris Nguyen)The email address of this maintainer does not seem to be valid anymore. Please ask Chris Nguyen to update the entry or send us the correct address
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.