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The Efficiency of Monetary Exchange in Search Equilibrium

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  • Li, Victor E

Abstract

Search theoretic models of money emphasize monetary exchange as the outcome of economic environments characterized by bilateral trading frictions. This paper analyzes the efficiency of monetary exchange in a search model of fiat money where individuals invest costly effort in the exchange process. Because the optimal effort each individual trader invests in exchange is based upon the private rather than social gains from trade, decentralized monetary equilibria are shown to be inefficient relative to the social optimum. However, for an appropriate division of the gains from trade given to buyers and sellers, it is possible to attain social efficiency. The nature of these search externalities for monetary exchange and their implications for policy are evaluated and discussed. Copyright 1997 by Ohio State University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Li, Victor E, 1997. "The Efficiency of Monetary Exchange in Search Equilibrium," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 29(1), pages 61-72, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:mcb:jmoncb:v:29:y:1997:i:1:p:61-72
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    Cited by:

    1. Marchesiani, Alessandro & Senesi, Pietro, 2009. "Money And Nominal Bonds," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 13(02), pages 189-199, April.
    2. Ricardo Lagos & Guillaume Rocheteau, 2005. "Inflation, Output, And Welfare," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 46(2), pages 495-522, May.
    3. Ben Craig & Guillaume Rocheteau, 2008. "Inflation and Welfare: A Search Approach," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 40(1), pages 89-119, February.
    4. Peter Rupert & Martin Schindler & Andrei Shevchenko & Randall Wright, 2000. "The search-theoretic approach to monetary economics: a primer," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, issue Q IV, pages 10-28.
    5. Huberto M. Ennis, 2009. "Avoiding The Inflation Tax," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 50(2), pages 607-625, May.
    6. Wilfredo Toledo, 2006. "El dinero en los modelos macroeconómicos," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 8(15), pages 97-116, July-Dece.
    7. Arias, J.J., 2005. "Search and leisure with idiosyncratic endowment shocks in a random-matching model," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 27(3), pages 385-402, September.
    8. Guillaume Rocheteau & Randall Wright, 2003. "Inflation and Welfare in Models with Trading Frictions," PIER Working Paper Archive 03-032, Penn Institute for Economic Research, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania.

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