POLITICI DE PREVENIRE SI RESOCIALIZARE A MINORILOR DELICVENTI IN DOCUMENTE INTERNATIONALE - POLICIES OF PREVENTION AND RESOCIALIZATION OF JUVENILE OFFENDERS IN INTERNATIONAL DOCUMENTS (Romanian version)
The issue of criminal liability of the juvenile offender as well as the prevention and combating of juvenile delinquency have been and continue to represent an actuality in the criminal policy in modern states. It is presumed that the child needs special treatment in terms of criminal liability since he does not possess the correct representation of what his procedural rights and obligations provided by law are.At present the principles which govern the global process of reform in the field of juvenile delinquency are?absolute priority of prevention, the necessity of the involvement of the community in criminal liability, and the proportionality of penalty with the status of minor and the seriousness of the crime committed. The penalties applicable to minors although different in nature, limits and method of implementation, appear to be less suitable for achieving the purpose of criminal law in relation to juvenile offenders. Moreover, the sentence in a prison may affect the fragile psyche of the child due to harsh prison regime and the negative influence of other convicted. Prisons and places of detention in general are known as real “ universities of crime”. Such a measure, which avoids placing juveniles in the prison environment and allows them to receive services in the community, enables children to maintain positive ties with their families, school and community, thus increasing the chances of re-socialization and reducing possible trauma resulting from the execution of the sentence in a closed environment. Reintegration is the established purpose of juvenile justice in general. In conclusion we may say that juvenile offenders cannot be isolated from society, in order to prepare them for the realities of social life.
Volume (Year): 1 (2010)
Issue (Month): (December)
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