Training strategies specific to the physical education and sport in what concerns the social integration of pupils with special educational needs
The training, planning and the realization of adapted physical education classes must be part of the pedagogic knowledge ensemble of the didactic frame. For every child with special educational needs it is necessary an individual approach of the training and realization of the motor educational program. Experimental research has contained a number of 30 pupils of the Special School no. 2 Ploiesti, significant number for pointing out the problems variety with which we are confronting and that must be realized in a short period of time both for the deficiency child and for the teacher. The experiment had been realized on the basis of proper investigation methods (observation method, questionnaire method, experimental one) and processing, analysis and gathered data interpretation during the research (mathematical method, logical method, graphic method, statistic one). During the adapted physical education classes, the abilities (skills) development and education can be realized during its entire period using in this purpose free exercises or with objects, individual, in pairs or in group; also exercises can be made under the form of relay race or in more varied forms and in conditions always changed and with different difficulty levels. In selecting these activities and exercises for these subjects we had in mind the age, the deficiency severity, their option and the material equipment of the school unity. The presentation of a content adapted to the age characteristics had reduced progressively the discrepancies between the subjects and had determined the knowledge of the skills that all the subjects use in the natural, domestic, vocational, communitarian, recreational context. Our research confirms the interdependency of the motor abilities education with the manifestation level of the individual motor qualities.
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