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Labor participation of married women and their spouses in Colombia: A related-decision based approach


  • Emma Castro
  • Gustavo García
  • Erika Badillo


This paper analyzes the determinants of labor participation of married women (married or in consensual union) and their spouses as a family decision in Colombia. It has been found that married women experience a greater pressure for participating in the labor market than women in general. Education is an important factor that reduces the gap in labor participation rates among couples. The econometric estimations, using a bivariate probit model corrected for selection bias, show that the labor participation decision of couples is affected in different ways by human capital endowment, school age children, household economic conditions, and indicators of labor demand and regional characteristics

Suggested Citation

  • Emma Castro & Gustavo García & Erika Badillo, 2011. "Labor participation of married women and their spouses in Colombia: A related-decision based approach," Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia, Departamento de Economía, issue 74, pages 171-201.
  • Handle: RePEc:lde:journl:y:2011:i:74:p:171-201

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    More about this item


    married woman; labor participation; biprobit; Colombia;

    JEL classification:

    • C25 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions; Probabilities
    • J01 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics: General
    • J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity


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