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Demographic Changes and Economic Activityin Greece


  • George Hondroyiannis


  • Evangelia Papapetrou



This paper investigates the linkages among demographic changes (fertility choice, marriage decision and mortality), real wages and real output in Greece over the period 1960--1998. The results show that in the long run a decrease in infant mortality rates, taking into consideration economic performance and the labor market, causes a reduction in fertility rates. In addition, the results suggest that an increase in real wages decreases nuptiality and fertility. Employing vector error-correction models and impulse response functions, the empirical results support the endogeneity of fertility choice to infant mortality, the labor market and the growth process.

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  • George Hondroyiannis & Evangelia Papapetrou, 2004. "Demographic Changes and Economic Activityin Greece," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, vol. 2(1), pages 49-71, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:reveho:v:2:y:2004:i:1:p:49-71

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Joseph G. Altonji & Todd E. Elder & Christopher R. Taber, 2005. "Selection on Observed and Unobserved Variables: Assessing the Effectiveness of Catholic Schools," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 113(1), pages 151-184, February.
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    3. Douglas Staiger & James H. Stock, 1997. "Instrumental Variables Regression with Weak Instruments," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 65(3), pages 557-586, May.
    4. Brian Roe & Leslie Whittington & Sara Fein & Mario Teisl, 1999. "Is there competition between breast-feeding and maternal employment?," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 36(2), pages 157-171, May.
    5. Blau, Francine D & Grossberg, Adam J, 1992. "Maternal Labor Supply and Children's Cognitive Development," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 74(3), pages 474-481, August.
    6. Kenneth Bollen & David Guilkey & Thomas Mroz, 1995. "Binary outcomes and endogenous explanatory variables: Tests and solutions with an application to the demand for contraceptive use in tunisia," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 32(1), pages 111-131, February.
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    Cited by:

    1. Daouli, Joan & Demoussis, Michael & Giannakopoulos, Nicholas, 2009. "Sibling-sex composition and its effects on fertility and labor supply of Greek mothers," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 102(3), pages 189-191, March.
    2. George Hondroyiannis, 2010. "Fertility Determinants and Economic Uncertainty: An Assessment Using European Panel Data," Journal of Family and Economic Issues, Springer, vol. 31(1), pages 33-50, March.

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