Residential Fixed Investment and the Macroeconomy: Has Deregulation Altered Key Relationships?
Financial deregulation in 1980 potentially altered key relationships between residential fixed investment (RFI) and key macroeconomic variables. This study uses a vector error correction model to examine relationships between RFI, money, interest rates, and output in pre-deregulation and post-deregulation sub-periods. Results indicate short-term interest rate shocks account for much of RFI variability pre-deregulation. After deregulation, long-term FHA interest rate shocks better account for RFI movements. Results also show that, in the post-deregulation era, RFI shocks have increased predictive power for overall gross domestic product movements. Thus, the study finds altered relationships between RFI and macroeconomic variables. Copyright 2003 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
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