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Preparing Russian Small Innovative Enterprises for International Competitiveness: A Scoping Study


  • George Tovstiga


  • Pieter den Hamer


  • Vera A. Popova


  • Igor P. Efimov


  • Sergey V. Moskalev


  • Ivan M. Bortnik



Russian small innovative enterprises (SIEs) are emerging as an important force behind the restructuring of the Russian economy and its industrial and commercial infrastructure. The research presented in this paper suggests that there are at least three categories of factors that impact the move of Russian SIEs into international markets: (i) macro-economic obstacles (ii) lacking managerial and business competencies and (iii) differences in culture and business practices. The first factor cannot be directly influenced by the individual SIE, while the latter two represent opportunities of a developmental nature. The work of this paper purports to lay the groundwork for more theoretical follow-up analyses.

Suggested Citation

  • George Tovstiga & Pieter den Hamer & Vera A. Popova & Igor P. Efimov & Sergey V. Moskalev & Ivan M. Bortnik, 2004. "Preparing Russian Small Innovative Enterprises for International Competitiveness: A Scoping Study," Journal of International Entrepreneurship, Springer, vol. 2(1_2), pages 89-108, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:jinten:v:2:y:2004:i:1_2:p:89-108

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    Cited by:

    1. Daria Volchek & Ari Jantunen & Sami Saarenketo, 2013. "The institutional environment for international entrepreneurship in Russia: Reflections on growth decisions and performance in SMEs," Journal of International Entrepreneurship, Springer, vol. 11(4), pages 320-350, December.
    2. Ojala, Arto, 2015. "Geographic, cultural, and psychic distance to foreign markets in the context of small and new ventures," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 24(5), pages 825-835.
    3. Ruta Aidis & Julia Korosteleva & Tomasz Marek Mickiewicz, 2008. "Entrepreneurship in Russia," UCL SSEES Economics and Business working paper series 88, UCL School of Slavonic and East European Studies (SSEES).
    4. Kiss, Andreea N. & Danis, Wade M. & Cavusgil, S. Tamer, 2012. "International entrepreneurship research in emerging economies: A critical review and research agenda," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 266-290.

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