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Organic Farming for Sustainable Agricultural Production. A Brief Theoretical Review and Preliminary Empirical Evidence


  • S.J. Dima
  • A.N. Odero


The basic premise of this paper is that modern agricultural production is not sustainable in view of the high cost of chemical inputs (notably fertilizers and pesticides) used and their detrimental effects on the environment. Some of these effects are briefly discussed in this paper. The possibility of adopting organic farming as a means of promoting sustainable agriculture has been the main objective of this investigation. The results of the experiment carried out at the Chepkoilel campus farm, Moi University, Kenya to demonstrate the differences between the yields and returns to organic manure and chemical fertilizers show that high yields are obtained from the use of organic manure. The high yields are also shown to be obtained in subsequent years after the application of the organic manure. This is cheaper than the application of chemical fertilizers. Maximum yields are obtained from a combination of organic manure and chemical fertilizers. Organic manure has the added advantage of providing more healthy vegetables for human consumption and ensuring optimum soil fertility for sustainable production. Copyright Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997

Suggested Citation

  • S.J. Dima & A.N. Odero, 1997. "Organic Farming for Sustainable Agricultural Production. A Brief Theoretical Review and Preliminary Empirical Evidence," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 10(2), pages 177-188, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:enreec:v:10:y:1997:i:2:p:177-188
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1026472410031

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    Cited by:

    1. Schmid, Erwin & Sinabell, Franz, 2005. "Organic Farming and the New CAP - Results for the Austrian Agricultural Sector," 2005 International Congress, August 23-27, 2005, Copenhagen, Denmark 24671, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    2. Polixeni Iliopoulou & Panagiotis Stratakis, 2011. "Aspects of Rural Development in Greece: Indicators, Policies and New Opportunities," ERSA conference papers ersa11p1538, European Regional Science Association.
    3. Argiles, Josep M. & Brown, Nestor Duch, 2011. "A comparison of the economic and environmental performances of conventional and organic farming: evidence from financial statements," Agricultural Economics Review, Greek Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 11(1), pages 1-18, January.
    4. Haggblade, Steven & Tembo, Gelson & Donovan, Cynthia, 2004. "Household Level Financial Incentives to Adoption of Conservation Agricultural Technologies in Africa," Food Security Collaborative Working Papers 54466, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.

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