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Qualifikation, Beschäftigung und technischer Fortschritt / Skill Structure, Employment and Technological Progress: Empirische Evidenz mit den Daten des Mannheimer Innovationspanels / Empirical Evidence Using Data of the Mannheim Innovation Panel

Author

Listed:
  • Blechinger Doris
  • Pfeiffer Friedhelm

    (ZEW (Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung) Mannheim, Postfach 10 3443, D-68034 Mannheim)

Abstract

For the Federal Republic of Germany and for Baden-Württemberg, with its high concentration of manufacturing and a large share of innovative firms, understanding the economic relationship between technological change, employment and skill structure is of utmost importance. In an effort to quantify the employment effects of technological progress, labour market demand growth in the West German and Baden-Württemberger manufacturing sectors between 1992/94, 1993/95, and 1992/95 are estimated separately for small and large firms. The impact of process innovations on labour demand growth tends to be negative, while that of product innovations is part positive and part negative. The combined effect of process and product innovations depends on the time period and the firm size under investigation. However, the impact was most often negative. Differences in skill structure between innovative and non-innovative firms are investigated using a rank correlation analysis. Technological progress has a tendency to release unskilled labour. Pressure to increase skill levels is more evident in innovative firms.

Suggested Citation

  • Blechinger Doris & Pfeiffer Friedhelm, 1999. "Qualifikation, Beschäftigung und technischer Fortschritt / Skill Structure, Employment and Technological Progress: Empirische Evidenz mit den Daten des Mannheimer Innovationspanels / Empirical Evidenc," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 218(1-2), pages 128-146, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:jns:jbstat:v:218:y:1999:i:1-2:p:128-146
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    Cited by:

    1. Dachs, Bernhard & Peters, Bettina, 2014. "Innovation, employment growth, and foreign ownership of firms," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 214-232.
    2. Schmiele, Anja & Rammer, Christian, 2008. "Drivers and Effects of Internationalising Innovation by SMEs," ZEW Discussion Papers 08-035, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    3. Ludwig, Volker & Pfeiffer, Friedhelm, 2005. "Abschreibungsraten allgemeiner und beruflicher Ausbildungsinhalte," ZEW Discussion Papers 05-36, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    4. repec:iab:iabmit:v:33:i:4:p:594-608 is not listed on IDEAS

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