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The Effect Of Development Of Geography, Vitamin D, Wealth, And Agricultural Productivity On Tuberculosis Mortality: The Case Of The 19th Century Us


  • Scott Alan Carson

    () (School of Business, University of Texas)


Tuberculosis remains a major cause of international mortality, and researchers and policy advocates continue to seek a cost effective prevention and treatment. To better understand the current dilemma, this paper considers the physical and material environments associated with 19th century US tuberculosis mortality. Vitamin D was an historical remedy for tuberculosis, and sunlight-the primary source of vitamin D production and time of year-are documented here to have been associated with lower tuberculosis mortality rates. Occupations were also related with the physical environment and tuberculosis mortality, and workers in outdoor occupations, such as farmers and unskilled workers, were less likely than workers in other occupations to die from tuberculosis. Absolute wealth and agricultural productivity were associated with the likelihood of dying from tuberculosis, and people who lived in high wealth and low agriculturally productive states were less likely to die from tuberculosis.

Suggested Citation

  • Scott Alan Carson, 2010. "The Effect Of Development Of Geography, Vitamin D, Wealth, And Agricultural Productivity On Tuberculosis Mortality: The Case Of The 19th Century Us," Journal of Economic Development, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, vol. 35(2), pages 57-74, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:jed:journl:v:35:y:2010:i:2:p:57-74

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    Cited by:

    1. Edward Nissan & Shahdad Naghshpour, 2014. "Comparing U.S. regions for selected economic and financial variables," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer;Academy of Economics and Finance, vol. 38(3), pages 528-540, July.

    More about this item


    19th Century US Tuberculosis Mortality; Insolation; Wealth; Agricultural Productivity;

    JEL classification:

    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • N31 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - U.S.; Canada: Pre-1913
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration


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