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Techniques for Facilities Layout: Deciding which Pairs of Activities Should be Adjacent


  • L. R. Foulds

    (University of Florida)


This paper surveys work done to date on the problem of laying out the facilities of some system in terms of specifying which activities are to be adjacent. Each pair of facilities has a closeness rating which represents the desirability that they are located adjacently. Ratings are usually proportional to the flow of goods or people between facilities. The aim of the layout analyst is to design a system so that the sum of the ratings of adjacent pairs is maximized as this represents travel saved. This paper formulates the layout problem and reviews exact and heuristic methods of solution. In the literature review special emphasis is placed on the newly-emerging graph-theoretic techniques which appear promising.

Suggested Citation

  • L. R. Foulds, 1983. "Techniques for Facilities Layout: Deciding which Pairs of Activities Should be Adjacent," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 29(12), pages 1414-1426, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:inm:ormnsc:v:29:y:1983:i:12:p:1414-1426

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    Cited by:

    1. Li, Wu-Ji & Smith, J. MacGregor, 1995. "An algorithm for Quadratic Assignment Problems," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 81(1), pages 205-216, February.
    2. Ravi Kumar, K. & Hadjinicola, George C. & Lin, Ting-li, 1995. "A heuristic procedure for the single-row facility layout problem," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 65-73, November.
    3. Helber, Stefan & Böhme, Daniel & Oucherif, Farid & Lagershausen, Svenja & Kasper, Steffen, 2014. "A hierarchical facility layout planning approach for large and complex hospitals," Hannover Economic Papers (HEP) dp-527, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät.
    4. Hossein Safizadeh, M. & McKenna, David R., 1996. "Application of multidimensional scaling techniques to facilities layout," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 92(1), pages 54-62, July.
    5. Chiang, Wen-Chyuan & Chiang, Chi, 1998. "Intelligent local search strategies for solving facility layout problems with the quadratic assignment problem formulation," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 106(2-3), pages 457-488, April.


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