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Türkiye’nin Avrupa Birliği’ne üyeliğinin gıda tüketicileri üzerindeki refah etkisi

Author

Listed:
  • Ahmet ŞAHİNÖZ

    (Hacettepe Üniversitesi)

  • Onur YENİ

    (Hacettepe Üniversitesi)

Abstract

Avrupa Birliği’ne tam üyelik sürecinde Türkiye’nin karşılaşacağı en zorlu müzakere başlıklarından birisi hiç şüphesiz “tarım”dır. Bu çalışmanın amacı; üyelik süreci ve sonrasında Avrupa Birliği ile uyumlulaşma sonucunda ortaya çıkacak gıda ürünleri fiyat değişikliklerinin refah etkilerinin tahmin edilmesidir. Kırsal kesim, kentsel kesim ve Türkiye genelinde, harcamaya göre sıralı her % 20’lik grup için Slutsky telafi edici değişimi hesaplanmıştır. Uygulamada kullanılan ürünlerin toplam gıda tüketim harcamaları içindeki payı yaklaşık olarak % 20’dir. Elde edilen tahmin sonuçlarına göre, ortalama olarak kişi başına, kırsal kesimde yıllık % 8,6, kentsel kesimde % 5,7, Türkiye genelinde ise % 6,3’lük refah kaybı öngörülmektedir. Bunun yanı sıra, söz konusu fiyat artışlarının toplumun düşük gelirli kesimlerinde daha yüksek bir refah kaybına yol açacağı tahmin edilmiştir. Türkiye’nin günümüzdeki ekonomik ve sosyal konumunun sabit kaldığı varsayımı altında tahmin edilen tüketici refahındaki toplam kayıp kırsal kesimde yıllık 6,5 milyar TL, kentsel kesimde yaklaşık olarak yıllık 15,6 milyar TL, Türkiye genelinde ise yıllık yaklaşık 22 milyar TL’ye varmaktadır.

Suggested Citation

  • Ahmet ŞAHİNÖZ & Onur YENİ, 2012. "Türkiye’nin Avrupa Birliği’ne üyeliğinin gıda tüketicileri üzerindeki refah etkisi," Iktisat Isletme ve Finans, Bilgesel Yayincilik, vol. 27(316), pages 71-92.
  • Handle: RePEc:iif:iifjrn:v:27:y:2012:i:316:p:71-92
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Refah etkisi; Slutsky telafi edici değişimi; Gıda fiyatları; Türkiye; Avrupa Birliği;

    JEL classification:

    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy
    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • P46 - Economic Systems - - Other Economic Systems - - - Consumer Economics; Health; Education and Training; Welfare, Income, Wealth, and Poverty

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