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Future gender relations in global restructuring processes case study evidence from knowledge-intensive, manufacturing and service occupations


  • Linda Nierling

    (ITAS, Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis, Research Center Karlsruhe)


Global restructuring processes have not only strong implications for European working and living realities, but also have specific outcomes with regard to gender relations. The following contribution analyses in which way global restructuring shapes current gender relations in order to identify important trends and developments for future gender (in)equalities at the workplace. On the basis of a large qualitative study on global restructuring and impacts on different occupational groups it argues that occupational belonging in line with skill and qualification levels are crucial factors to assess the further development of gender relations at work. Whereas global restructuring in knowledge-based occupations may provide new opportunities for female employees, current restructuring is going to deteriorate female labour participation in service occupations. In contrast, manufacturing occupations can be characterised by persistent gender relations, which do not change in spite of major restructuring processes at the work place. Taking the institutional perspective into account, it seems to be crucial to integrate the occupational perspective in order to apply adequate policy regulations to prevent the reinforcement of gender related working patterns in the near future.

Suggested Citation

  • Linda Nierling, 2008. "Future gender relations in global restructuring processes case study evidence from knowledge-intensive, manufacturing and service occupations," Enterprise and Work Innovation Studies, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, IET/CICS.NOVA-Interdisciplinary Centre on Social Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, vol. 4(4), pages 107-128, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:ieu:journl:v:4:y:2008:i:4:p:107-128

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Valenduc, Gérard & Vendramin, Patricia & Krings, Bettina & Nierling, Linda, 2007. "How restructuring is changing occupations? Case study evidence from knowledge-intensive, manufacturing and service occupations," EconStor Research Reports 67055, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.
    2. Bettina Krings, 2009. "Global restructuring and its effects on occupations: towards a new division of labor?," IET Working Papers Series 12/2009, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, IET/CICS.NOVA-Interdisciplinary Centre on Social Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology.
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    Cited by:

    1. Dueñas, Diego & Iglesias, Carlos & Llorente, Raquel, 2014. "Do services reduce gender inequality in labor markets? The service sector, knnowledge-intensive services and the gender pay gap," MPRA Paper 61628, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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    More about this item


    Global restructuring; gender; work organisation; occupational restructuring;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • B54 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Current Heterodox Approaches - - - Feminist Economics
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business


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