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From shareholders to stakeholders finance: a more sustainable lending model


  • Giuseppe Coco
  • Giovanni Ferri


Focusing on shareholder value (SHV) maximising banks vs. stakeholder value (STV) maximising banks, we ask: Why do they coexist? What does the recent crisis suggest for their respective sustainability? On the first, we conclude STVs – often cooperatives, catering also for parties other than shareholders – may superiorly manage the conflict of interests between depositors and bank owners and also strengthen borrowers' screening/monitoring. Accordingly, STVs should specialise in traditional intermediation, SHV in financial innovations. Next, we notice that the past financial innovation transformed the banking model from 'originate to hold' (OTH) to 'originate to distribute' (OTD). Knowing ex ante, they would immediately securitise originated loans on financial markets, OTD banks lowered their credit standards. Thus, the OTD model proved unsustainable. Since STV (SHV) stuck prevalently to OTH (moved to OTD), the crisis suggests STV are more sustainable. This contrasts with the prejudice against STV banks, often described before the crisis as outdated and inefficient.

Suggested Citation

  • Giuseppe Coco & Giovanni Ferri, 2010. "From shareholders to stakeholders finance: a more sustainable lending model," International Journal of Sustainable Economy, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 2(3), pages 352-364.
  • Handle: RePEc:ids:ijsuse:v:2:y:2010:i:3:p:352-364

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    Cited by:

    1. Paolo Coccorese & Giovanni Ferri & Punziana Lacitignola & Juan Lopez, 2016. "Market structure, outer versus inner competition: the case of Italy’s credit coop banks," International Review of Economics, Springer;Happiness Economics and Interpersonal Relations (HEIRS), vol. 63(3), pages 259-279, September.
    2. Mikko MAKINEN & Derek C. JONES, 2015. "Comparative Efficiency Between Cooperative, Savings And Commercial Banks In Europe Using The Frontier Approach," Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 86(3), pages 401-420, September.
    3. Butzbach Olivier & von Mettenheim Kurt E., 2015. "Alternative Banking and Theory," Accounting, Economics, and Law: A Convivium, De Gruyter, vol. 5(2), pages 105-171, July.
    4. Aiello, Francesco & Bonanno, Graziella, 2016. "Bank efficiency and local market conditions. Evidence from Italy," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 70-90.
    5. Giovanni Ferri & Angelo Leogrande, 2015. "Was the Crisis Due to a Shift from Stakeholder to Shareholder Finance? Surveying the Debate," Euricse Working Papers 1576, Euricse (European Research Institute on Cooperative and Social Enterprises).
    6. Giovanni Ferri, 2012. "Credit Cooperatives: Challenges and Opportunities in the New Global Scenario," Euricse Working Papers 1231, Euricse (European Research Institute on Cooperative and Social Enterprises).
    7. Giovanni Ferri & Panu Kalmi & Eeva Kerola, 2014. "Organizational Structure and Exposure to Crisis among European Banks: Evidence from Rating Changes," Journal of Entrepreneurial and Organizational Diversity, European Research Institute on Cooperative and Social Enterprises, vol. 3(1), pages 35-55, June.
    8. Panu Kalmi, 2012. "Cooperative banking," Chapters,in: Handbook of Critical Issues in Finance, chapter 9, pages i-ii Edward Elgar Publishing.
    9. Giovanni Ferri & Doris Neuberger, 2014. "The Banking Regulatory Bubble and How to Get out of It," Rivista di Politica Economica, SIPI Spa, issue 2, pages 39-69, April-Jun.


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